History of Bhaderwah

The place that “Mahanju Daru and Harappan” civilization has in Indian history, the same place with history of Dugha Nagar and Udha Nagar civilization has in the history of Bhadarwah.

            With capital at today’s Garh, Sungli, the ancient Bhadarwah  had been a sovereign and prosperous state . Its famous cities were Dugga Nagar and Udha Nagar, which was situated where village Mounda and Sartingal are situated today. According to Vasuki Puran, when Pandavas perform the Ashumegh Yagna, the “ Samkaran” horse that would graze upon the meadows in the surroundings of holy ‘Sonabain” was taken from Sawan the then king of Bhadarwah. It is also said that a University with capacity of lodging and boarding for about ten thousand students existed exactly where the Bhadarwah University campus is built. But as has been the universal truth, the glory of Dugga Nagar and Udha Nagar did not live forever. Both perished under the red hot material of the volcano that erupted on the near by Kailash Mountain . The ruling clan however, survived. After destruction of   dugga Nagar and Udha Nagar, the then king Bharat established new city and named it as “Bhadarvart”. Today’s Bhadrote is the disfigured name of that city.              

But after some time when the rulers of Bhadarwah became weak, the rulers  of the adjoining Bhadu Blawar  conquered them  and annexed the states of Bhadarwah and Basholi to become part of their kingdom. After wards, prince Radhk was given the state of Bhadarwah and he ruled it calling him self Raja Lakshmi Dev. This dynasty ruled Bhadarwh upto 16th generation with “ Pahar Chand” as its last king.  During the Paul Dynasty rule a noble king named Nag Pal impressed Moughal King with his spiritual powers and undaunted courage. It is since then that the farmous Mela Pat is celebrated in Khakhal mohalla of Bhadarwah every year to commemorate that historical event.

In 1841 AD Bhadarwah became part of J&K state. When Maharaja Partap Singh was crowned as king of Jammu and Kashmir, he gifted Bhadarwah to his younger brother Raja Amar Singh as “Jagir”. The Jagir  comprised of Bhadarwah, Bhallesa and the vast area left of river Chenab from Thathri up to Khellani (Doda).